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Xinxiang

Source:travelchinaguide.com Published:2019-03-28 10:36


Xinxiang (simplified Chinese: 新乡; traditional Chinese: 新鄉; pinyin: Xīnxiāng [?i?n.?ja??]; postal: Sinsiang) is a prefecture-level city in northern Henan province, China.

It borders the provincial capital of Zhengzhou to its southwest, Kaifeng to its southeast, Hebi and Anyang to its north, Jiaozuo to its west, and the provinces of Shanxi and Shandong to its northwest and east respectively.

Its population was 5,707,801 as of 2010 census of whom 2,596,759 are in the built-up area made of 4 urban districts (Weibin, Hongqi and Muye). And, as the city is expanding very quickly, Fengquan district, Xinxiang county and Huixang City are now being urbanized.

History

Xinxiang was site of the Battle of Muye where the Shang Dynasty was overthrown by the Zhou. Xinxiang dates from the Sui dynasty (581-618) and was a small market center before being developed as an industrial center in the 1950s. It also served as the capital of the short-lived Pingyuan Province, which covered neighbouring cities Anyang, Hebi, Puyang, Jiaozhuo and Heze, between 1949 and 1952, for the purpose of exterminating Nationalist guerillas.

Religion

The Roman Catholic minority (no statistics available) is served by its own Apostolic Prefecture of Xinxiang 新鄉 (中文) / Sinsiang / Sinsiangen(sis) (Latin), which was established on July 7, 1936 (1936.07.07) on missionary territory split off from the then Apostolic Vicariate of Weihuifu 衛輝府 (now Diocese of Jixian). It is a pre-diocesan jurisdiction, which is exempt (i.e., directly subject to the Holy See and its missionary Roman Congregation for the Evangelization of Peoples), not part of any ecclesiastical province.

Military

Xinxiang is the headquarters of the 83rd Group Army of the People's Liberation Army, one of the three group armies that comprise the Jinan Military Region responsible for defence of the Yellow River Plain.

Administration

The prefecture-level city administers 4 districts, 2 county-level cities and 6 counties.

Weibin District (卫滨区)

Hongqi District (红旗区)

Jingkai District (经开区)

Muye District (牧野区)

Fengquan District (凤泉区)

Huixian City (辉县市)

Weihui City (卫辉市)

Xinxiang County (新乡县)

Huojia County (获嘉县)

Yuanyang County (原阳县)

Yanjin County (延津县)

Fengqiu County (封丘县)

Changyuan County (长垣县)

Economy

There are several important enterprises located in Xinxiang, such as Frestech Refrigerator, Golden Dragon Copper Group, Bailu Chemical Fibre, Henan Kelong Group,AVIC XINHANG Industry Corporation...etc.

Agriculture and Industry

Textiles and processed food are major manufactures. It has a large number of heavy industry in machine making. As an old textiles basement, the cotton industry is very developed in Xinxiang.

Transport

The city is a rail junction and industrial centre at the head of navigation on the Wei River (Shandong) (卫河). The river, made navigable for small vessels by river improvements in the 1950s, links the city with Tianjin, the main port for Beijing. Later, due to heavy industrial chemical pollution, the river course had been totally cut off and got filled up. After recent dredges, it is still no more than a man-made lake.

Rail

Xinxiang is located at the junction of the Beijing-Guangzhou, Xinxiang-Yueshan and the Xinxiang-Yanzhou Railways.

Xinxiang has two railway stations.One is Xinxiang Railway Station,the other is Xinxiangdong Railway Station.

Education

There are several universities and colleges located in the prefecture-level city.

Henan Normal University 

Xinxiang University: newly combined university located in the eastern part of Xinxiang, it has 21 faculties and 3 centers

Henan Institute of Science and Technology

Xinxiang Medical University

Henan Mechanical and Electrical Engineering College

Xinxiang Hygiene School

Editor:Zhao Hanqing
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